A How-to Guide on the Different Types of Differentials
A differential in vehicles is a term used to refer to something or a device that is found in the engine of the vehicle and divides the engine into two parts. Basing on the distance the vehicle is covering, the differential is able to allow the wheels to spin in different speeds. It is only a buyer’s guide that will help you understand how your vehicle moves and how the wheels of the vehicles spin. The buyer’s guide helps you know the type of differential that is in your vehicle. You must be issued with a buyer’s guide before you purchase any vehicle. This buyers guide outlines the various differential types that are found in different vehicles.
The first one is referred to us the open differential. The most common differential in the market is the open differential. The reason being it is cheaper. In almost every new vehicle there is an open differential in it. The buyers guide manual can explain whether the vehicle you have purchased has an open differential or not. The open differential will only work best when the weather is under normal conditions. When the weather changes and the roads become slippery the performance of the open differential becomes poor or drops. The wheels continue to spin without moving on the slippery road. Cost, maintenance and repairs of open differentials are less expensive compared to any other type of differentials.
The second differential is the limited-slip differential. In order for your vehicle to spin in different speeds you need a limited-slip differential. To differentiate itself from the open differential, the limited-slip differential prevents additional torque from the slipping tire. The tire that has the most traction is the one that receives the torque. The efficiency of the vehicle is made through the redirection of the torque to the tire with the most traction. Your turnings are made faster and harder when you have the limited-slip differentials. Their characteristics makes them to be most preferred in racing vehicles.
The other type is the Torsen differential. This differential appears to be a little bit complicated from others. Your car is made to perform less work by this differential. To understand this type of differential you need a good explanation from the buyers guide. Neither clutches nor fluid resistance are needed by this differential to add resistance to produce torque seen in limited-slip differential. Due to the constant meshing of the gears there is immediate transfer of torque. For this reason it is the most responsive differential when the weather conditions are changing. Excluding the negatives, the Torsen differential is able to combine all the benefits of both the open and the limited-slip differentials.
To finish with, the above buyers guide has summarized some of the different types of differentials.